22 january 1913
12 october 1914
20 december 1914
5 january 1915
1-2 march 1915
He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the King’s Royal Rifle Corps
Promoted to Lieutenant
On the outbreak of war his battalion was based at Gharia in India
They embarked at Bombay , reaching Plymouth on the 18th of November.
After spending the intervening period at Winchester, they embarked once again at Southampton and landed at Le Havre the following day.
They were entrained, then marched to Blavinghem where they spent some days training for trench warfare.
Marched out and took over front line trenches from the French at Dickebusch, near St Eloi to the north of Ypres.
Conditions in the trenches were appalling with waterlogged trenches being responsible for a large number of cases of trench foot among the officers and men.
During this time the Germans had been creeping closer to the British lines by cutting a number of saps out into no man’s land and at one point were as close as ten yards from the British trenches. It was decided to carry out a large scale raid on the new German trenches and this would start by entering a trench known as No. 21.
The night of the 1st/ 2nd of March was a full moon with a few clouds in the sky to give cover when the Battalion marched up from Dickebusch at 8pm.
The opening shot was fired at 12.30am on the 2nd of March screaming over the heads of the raiders who were huddled in the British front line.
The Germans had a machine gun trained on the point where the attacking party were to leave the trench and this began firing as soon as the artillery fire began.
Despite some casualties word came back from D Company that they had managed to take about eighty yards of No. 21 trench before they were held up by a barricade.
Reports came back that Lieutenants Poe and Eden were attempting to lead their men around it.
C Company went forward and discovered the survivors of D Company pinned down by the defenders behind the barricade.
Any forward movement brought a hail of fire from the Germans who were well entrenched and the trench was choked with the dead and wounded of both sides.
The Germans bombed the attackers out of the captured trench and back into trench No. 21 where they were attacked with more bombs and forced to retire.
Survivors reported that William Eden was last seen at the head of his platoon at the barbed wire in front of the barricade and was the first man there.
He is reported to have climbed out of the trench on the German side and was last seen running in an attempt to get around it.
The survivors of the raid returned to their own trenches as dawn was breaking at 5.45am.
Casualties for the raid were three officers missing with two wounded and sixteen others ranks killed with thirty missing and sixty one wounded.
He was mentioned in Sir John French's despatches of the 31st of May 1915.
He was the 50th heir to a peerage killed in the war to that date.
Leave to presume death was granted in the Probate Court on the 29th of May 1916 and he was succeeded as heir to the Baronetcy by his brother, Frederick Colvin George, on the death of his father Lord Auckland (5th Baron) on the 31st of July 1917.
William Morton Eden, 5th Baron Auckland
Date of Death:
Marital status :
Evans Charles Heyland
2nd Bn. Border Regiment
26 october 1914
Son of Warren Edward and Helen Lloyd Evans, of Henblas, Llangefni, Anglesey.
Ypres Menin Gate Memorial
5 october 1910
20 november 1911
28 august 1914
22 december 1914
16 january 1915
16 february 1915
Gazetted Second Lieutenant to the 1st Bn. Welsh Regiment
He was stationed at Cairo , Cyprus , Chakrata and Agra , India
When war broke out was on his way to Cyprus, where he was to have been maaried at Troodos, the only daughter of Major W.N. Bolton , late Wiltshire Regiment , Commisioner of Kyrenia, but his leave was cancelled and he was recalled to rejoin his Battalion.
Landed in England
Proceeded to France
Killed in action nar Ypres and buried ,with two other brother officers who where killed the same day , in the gardens of Chateau Rosendal
To judge from a letter written shortly before he met his death, he must have had some exciting experiences :
' We have just finished our first eight days - divided between the supports and the firing line.
I had the worst bit of trench to look after with my platoon and did all right, but had a good few casualties , considering the 96 hours I was actually up - two killed and nine wounded.
I made two night expeditions by myself.
My revolver accounted for him all right, as we were only two feet apart.
The trenches are from 30 to 75 feet apart in most places and sometimes closer.
We are now off on a four days' rest which is absolutely ripping.
It is splendid to get out of the noise and to get some proper food and sleep.
I think, if anything, I am rather enjoying this.
Cold feet are the worst part of the show but my men are all such rippers, it makes up for lots.
I hate having them hit, otherwise it is quite cheery.
I had a sing-song in my trench the other evening ,which did not please the Germans.
I sat in a chair, which collapsed, and I went straight to sleep where I lay.
The strain is fairly big up there."
His Commanding Officer , Lieutenant Colonel Marden T.O. wrote :
' I regret most deeply having to inform you of the death on the 16th , in the trenches , of you gallant son Hilary.
As far as we can ascertain, his death was instantaneous from a rifle bullet, but many of his platoon were shot down at the same time, and there was no one in the trench who could give accurate information as to what happened.
He is a great loss to us , as he was such a good soldier and so popular with all ranks.
As you know, probably , he was selected to lead the Second Grenadier platoon, and had behaved so gallantly durng his former turn of duty in the trenches, where he kept the spirits of his whole platoon up by his energy and enterprise, taht I brought his name specially to the notice of the Brigadier.
He crept out of the trenches alone on several occasions and threw bombs into the enemy's trenches.'
He was a keen sportsman and a well-known figure in the hunting field at Montgomeryshire.
He was also an excellent shot.
At Cairo he made a considerable reputation as a polo player, and both in Cyprus and at Agra he was Master of the Hunt.
He was Mentioned in Sir John French's despatches of 31 may 1915.
Date of Death:
Marital status :
Ewen John B.
4th Bn. Gordon Highlanders
21 february 1893 , Aberdeen
25 september 1915
Son of James and Helen Ewen, of 37, Hosefield Avenue, Aberdeen.
Educated at Robert Gordon's College , Aberdeen
* Entered on an open Foundation
* Matriculated in Arts 1910
afterwards entered Aberdeen University as 13th Bursar where he graduated M.A. 1914 with Second Class Honours in Classics.
He represented the University in Association football and in tennis being awarded his ' full-blue ' in the latter.
Secured a position with Insurance Act Commissioners
Ypres Menin Gate Memorial
25 september 1915
After a previous medical rejection , he joined the 4th Bn. Gordon Highlanders
Trained with them in Aberdeen
Proceeded with them to France
It was a strong sense of duty that took him to France, for he had just gained in open competition a post under the National Health Insurance Commission and only with much difficulty was he allowed to continue on service.
He remained with the 4th Gordon Highlanders until his death at Hooge